Are you an upper or a downer? A stoner or a patient? Whatever the reason is you consume cannabis, variations in the strains can help you achieve desired effects. The world of cannabis strains is vast – so much it can not be emphasized in one blog post alone. This article is the first in a series about the various cannabis strains that introduces the phenotypes and why they matter. Visit our archive of strains for reviews about specific breeds.

Rest. Relaxation. Tranquility. Marijuana has provided people with benefits both medical and recreational in nature for centuries. Although cannabis is still a controversial subject, many countries, such as Uruguay and Canada, are leading a more progressive movement towards the legalization of both recreational and medicinal marijuana.

[Read more: Can You Use Cannabis for Sleep in Place of Dangerous Sleep Aids?]

Focus on Cannabis Strains Increases as Legalization Sweeps the Nations

As the legalization and use of cannabis increase worldwide, people are discovering new ways to consume marijuana. A recent trend is the use of “microdosing,” which is a way of ingesting a small and controlled dose of cannabis to elicit the desired results without the sensation of feeling “high.” If you want to achieve the desired results of microdosing marijuana intake, it’s important that you understand the variety of cannabis strains and their effects.

Even though cannabis has been used for people’s benefit for generations, it wasn’t until the 18th century that the different classifications of genetic types of cannabis were identified. Prior to the introduction of taxonomies, people were unaware of the specific properties of the different marijuana strains. During travels, it was discovered that two phenotypes of cannabis existed:

  1. Indica: Marijuana strains under the Cannabis indica type are known for their sedative effects and combine well with relaxing activities such as watching a movie, unwinding, and going to bed.
  2. Sativa: Cannabis sativa breeds of marijuana elicit more invigorating or uplifting effects that combine well with social gatherings, creative projects, and physical activity.

Keep reading to discover the specific benefits of these two cannabis strains.

Effects of Cannabis Indica Marijuana Plants

Do you love smoking a blunt and zoning out while drifting off to sleep? If so, then you enjoy the effects of the concentrated CBD found in Cannabis indica strains. Shorter with a bushy appearance, the leaves on indica marijuana plants are much broader than the sativa breed. When it comes to treating medical conditions with cannabis, indica is the go-to strain because it has a higher concentration of CBD than THC.

While indica strains of marijuana are incredibly effective for medicinal purposes, they do not offer the same type of thrill achieved by Sativa strains. Patients find relief because the Indica strain is great for:

  • Reducing nausea
  • Increasing pleasurable sensations and appetite
  • Decreasing the intensity of acute pain
  • Inducing mental and muscular relaxation
  • Promoting rest
  • Unwinding from a stressful day or event
  • Treating headaches
  • Overcoming insomnia

Effects of Cannabis Sativa Marijuana Plants

Are you a fan of THC? If you like to use marijuana to spark inspiration and get things done, then the answer is probably yes! As opposed to indica strains, plants that fall under the Cannabis sativa phenotype contain a higher concentration of THC than CBD.

[Read more: Where to Consume Legalized Cannabis in Canada]

Leaves on these marijuana plants are long and thin. The coloration of sativa strains is always noticeably lighter than indica leaves. Consumption of sativa is more stimulating than indica and also used for medical conditions as it’s great for:

  • Controlling chronic pain
  • Relieving or lessening depression
  • Reducing anxiety levels
  • Improving concentration
  • Sparking creativity
  • Enhancing moods and sociability
  • Treating personality disorders, fatigue, and ADD

Effects of Hybrid Cannabis Marijuana Plants

You have two amazing types of marijuana both with plenty of subspecies of heady weed. Both dynamic and effective at inducing sensations of peace, tranquility, and all around goodness. What could be better? Combining them of course!

It wasn’t long after the two indigenous cannabis strains were discovered that people began looking for innovative ways to crossbreed the types in pursuit of combining the recreational and medical benefits of indica and sativa in one strain. Experimentation has led to hybrid strains with variations in their levels of CBD and THC. Check out the next article in the series that offers advice on understanding and choosing a cannabis strain.